Source by: costarica-nationalparks.com
Area: 77,032 acres
Location Limon Province
Date of Creation Date of Creation
Tortuguero is one of Costa Rica’s most popular National Parks. It is a wilderness area with great biological variety. The wildlife is rich and diverse, with eleven different defined habitats. These include high rainforest, littoral woodland, slope forest, swamp forest, holillo forest, herbaceous swamp and herbaceous lagoon. Mammals, birds and fish are numerous.
The habitats for which Tortuguero National Park is most famous are the coastal and marine areas. Strong Caribbean currents have provided a long, straight 22 mile expanse of beach which is a favored nesting ground for sea turtles. Hawksbill, loggerheads, and Pacific Green turtles nest from July through October. The Leatherback , the largest sea turtle species in the world, nests from February to July.
Water is an abundant natural resource with up to 240 inches of rainfall per year. An infinite number of interconnected channels, waterways, lagoons and lakes are fed by rivers that carry their inland sediment load to the coast. Occasionally, the sediment filled plain is interrupted by forested rolling hills, composed of ancient volcanic cinder cones, such as Tortuguero Hill and the Lomas de Sierpe, which looms over 1,000 feet.
To the north of Tortuguero National Park is the Barra del Colorado Wildlife Refuge, whose habitats and climate are similar to Tortuguero.
The south end of Tortuguero National Park is bordered by the mouth of the Parismina River, and the Cariari National Wetlands
Nestled between these two large parks, at the mouth of the Tortuguero River, you will find the town of Tortuguero, as well as the Dr. Archie Carr Wildlife Refuge, which operates a biological station and turtle tagging program run by the Caribbean Conservation Corporation.